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Who peoples Jerusalem?
The latest population figures show that Jerusalem is growing: in 2011 it was home to 801,000 people – up from 788,100 people in 2010. In all, there were 508,000 Jews (and others) and 293,000 Arabs living in the city last year, or 10% of Israel's total population. More specifically, the Jewish population comprises 8% of the total Jewish population in the country, while the Arab population constitutes 18% of that sector in Israel. 

And while we hear of the years-long drop in the number of Jewish residents, from 74% of the city's population in 1967 to 64% in 2010, the number of Arab residents has been rising concomitantly, from 26% to 36% for the same period – which is way over the national average of 20% in Israel, 10% in Haifa, and 4% in Tel Aviv. In fact, since 1967, the city's population has doubled (the Jewish sector growing by 155% and the Arab sector by 314%).

At the close of 2010, 474,000 persons (Jewish and Arab) lived in areas that were added to the city in 1967. Of those, 192,000 were Jewish and 280,900 Arab, the latter constituting 99% of the Arab population in the city. 

Interestingly, Jerusalem is now the favored destination of new immigrants to Israel, with 15% choosing it as their first place of residence, compared to 6% for Tel Aviv and 5.5% for Haifa. This was not the case for many years, until around a decade ago. Rather, the relative cost of living in Jerusalem was considered quite high, so new immigrants, especially from the former Soviet Union states, opted for towns and small cities around the country – and indeed changed the demographics of those locales. But from 2000, possibly with a new wave of immigration from wealthier Western countries (to the city's more prestigious neighborhoods), new arrivals have opted for Jerusalem in increasing numbers. JIIS researcher Inbal Doron found that in 2010, of the 2,550 olim chadashim who settled in the capital, 860 were from the US, 370 from France, 260 from the UK and 220 from Russia. 

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